The colony of Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and for official purposes is a part of China. But, for all intents and purposes, it is allowed to operate as an independent country.
Hong Kong developed initially on the basis of its excellent natural harbor (its Chinese name means “fragrant harbor”) and the lucrative China trade.
The harbor of Hong Kong was formed by the drowning of the denuded center of the dome. The surrounding hills on the mainland and on Hong Kong Island are partly capped by volcanic rocks, and steep, scarp like concave slopes lead to the inner harbor.
Hong Kong in Brief:
City of Victoria
Hong Kong Dollar